Nurul Frasiska, Edjeng Suprijatna, Siti Susanti

Abstract


This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of diet containing waste of seaweed Gracilaria sp. on local duck blood lipid profiles including cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL), and high density lipoprotein (HDL). The material in this study were  72 female Tegal ducks aged 22 weeks with 1,318 ± 121 gaverage body weight, diets containing Gracilaria sp. waste (GW) with 18% protein and 2900 kcal/kg metabolic energy and 150 g/ton feed commercial multi-enzyme (ME).  Data were subject to Completely Randomized Design with 6 treatments, (T0) Basal Diets, (T0+) Basal Diets with ME, (T1) Diets with 10% GW, (T1+) Diets with 10% GW + ME, (T2+) Diets with 12.5 % GW + ME, and (T3+) Diets with 15% GW + ME. The treatment was givenfor 12 weeks and blood sample was taken onthe last week. The serum was separated and analyzed for blood lipid profiles using CHOD-PAP. Results showed that diet with 12.5%GW  plus multi-enzyme additives significantly (P<0.05) affected blood lipid profiles of local duck, tended to lower triglycerides and LDL Cholesterol, but increase blood HDL levels.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alamsjah MA, RF Christiana, andSSubekti. 2011. The effect of fermented Gracilariasp waste with Bacillus subtillis on plankton population.JurnalIlmiahPerikanandanKelautan,3(2): 203-213 (Article in Bahasa).

Bilan MI, ANZakharova , AA Grachev , AS Shashkov, NE Nifantiev, AIUsov. 2007. Polysaccharides of algae: Fucoidan from the pacific brown alga Analipusjaponicus (Harv.) winne (Ectocarpales, Scytosiphonaceae). Russ. J. Bioorg. Chem,33: 38–46.

Bilan MI, AA Grachev, AS Shashkov, M Kelly, CJ Sanderson, NE Nifantiev, AI Usov. 2010. Further studies on the composition and structure of a fucoidan preparation from the brown alga Saccharinalatissima. Carbohydrate Research,345(14): 2038-2047.

Chan PT , P Matanjun, SMYasir, and TS Tan. 2015. Antioxidant activities and polyphenolics of various solvent extracts of red seaweed, Gracilariachangii. Journal of Applied Phycology,27(6): 2377-2386.

Diagnostic System International. 2005. Cholesterol FS. Diagnostic reagent for quantitative in vitro determination of cholesterol in serum or plasma on photometric system. DiaSys Diagnostic System GmbhAlteStrasse 9 65558 Holzheim, German.

Gani N, LIMomuat, and MMPitoi. 2013. Plasma lipid profile of hyper cholesterol Wistar mice on aibika(Abelmoschusmanihot L.) supplementation.JurnalMipaUnsrat Online,2(1):44-49 (Article in Bahasa).

Imjongjairak S, K Ratanakhanokchai, N Laohakunjit, C Tachaapaikoon, P Pason, andRWaeonukul. 2015. Biochemical characteristics and antioxidant activity of crude and purified sulfated polysaccharides from Gracilariafisheri. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 80(3): 1-9.

IriyantiN, T Yuwanta, and SKeman, 2005. Effect of long-chained fatty acid in feed on performance and blood lipid profile and ovarium description of local hen.BuletinPeternakan, 29(4): 177-184. (Article in Bahasa)

Kemendagri. 2013. RumputLaut Indonesia. Warta Ekspor. Edisi September 2013

Lim SJ, WMW Aida, MY Maskat, S Mamot, J Ropien, and DMMohd. 2014. Isolation and antioxidant capacity of fucoidan from selected Malaysian seaweeds. Food Hydrocolloids,42: 280-288.

Lutfiana S. 2006. The effect of virgin coconut oil supplement on high density cholesterol (HDL) wistar mice serum upon aterogenesis induction. Doctoral Dissertation. Graduate School. Medicine Faculty of Diponegoro University, Semarang. (In Indonesia and Abstract in English)

Mustaqim, Farid, A Nurjannah. 2014. Seaweed waste processing as alternative feed for livestock and fish. JurnalEngineering,8(1) : 9-15 (Article in Bahasa).

NRC (National Research Council). 1994. Nutrient Requirement for Poultry. 9th Revised Ed. National Academy Press,Washington DC.

Oktaviani EP. 2014. Antioxidant Quality and Activity of Probiotic Drink with Varied Concentration Extract of Dragon Fruit(Hylocereuspolyrhizus). Doctoral Dissertation. Graduate School. Biological Faculty ofAtmajaya University. Yogyakarta. (In Indonesia and Abstract in English)

Patel S andA Goyal. 2011. Functional oligosaccharides: Production, properties and applications. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology,27(5): 1119-1128.

Park JH, SD Upadhaya, and IH Kim. 2015. Effect of dietary marine microalgae (Schizochytrium) powder on egg production, blood lipid profiles, egg quality, and fatty acid composition of egg yolk in layers. J. Anim. Sci, 28:391-397

Ramnani P, RChitarrari, K Tuohy, J Grant, S Hotchkiss, K Philp, and I Rowland. 2011. In vitro fermentation and prebiotic potential of novel low molecular weight polysaccharides derived from agar and alginate seaweeds. Anaerobe, 18(1): 1-6.

Reddy Palvai, V., and Urooj, A. 2014. Inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (ex vivo) by Morusindica (Mulberry). Chinese Journal of Biology, 1: 1-5

Sherwood L. 2003. FisiologiManusiadariSel-ke Sel.Edisi 2. Translate by Brahm U. Pendit. Penerbit EGC, Jakarta. 739 pages.

Shevchenko, N.M.., T.A. Kuznetsova., N.N. Besednova., A.N. Mamaev., A.P.Momot., T.N.Zvyagintseva. 2003. Anticoagulant activity of fucoidan from brown algae Fucusevanescensof the Okhotsk sea. Bull. Exp. Biol. Med, 136: 471-473.

da Silva Afonso, M., Castilho, G., Lavrador, M. S. F., Passarelli, M., Nakandakare, E. R., Lottenberg, S. A., &Lottenberg, A. M. 2013. The impact of dietary fatty acids on macrophage cholesterol homeostasis. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry,25(2): 95-103.

Sinurat, A. P. 2003. Palm oil sludge for poultry feed. Wartazoa,13(2): 39-47.

Suparmiand A Sahri. 2009. Mengenalpotensirumputlaut:kajianpemanfaatansumberdayarumputlautdariaspek industry dankesehatan. MajalahIlmiah Sultan Agung,44(118): 95-116 (Article in Bahasa).

TrisnadewiAAAS, IGNGBidura, AT Umiarti, and AWPuger. 2015. Fermented tofu waste in feed to decrease lipid accumulation and cholesterol of duck.MajalahIlmiahPeternakan,18(2): 55-60 (Article in Bahasa).

Ventura MR, JIR Castanon, and JMMcNab. 1994. Nutritional value of seaweed (Ulvarigida) for poultry. animal feed science and technology,49(1): 87-92.

Wijesekara I, R Pangestuti, and SK Kim. 2011. Biological activities and potential health benefits of sulfated polysaccharides derived from marine algae. Carbohydrate Polymers,84(1): 14-21.

Woo MS, HS Choi, OH Lee, BYLee. 2013. The edible red alga, Gracilariaverrucosa, inhibits lipid accumulation and ROS production, but improves glucose uptake in 3T3â€L1 cells. Phytotherapy Research,27(7): 1102-1105.

Yunita WK, W Sarengat, and ESuprijatna. 2015. Fermented seaweed (Gracilariaverrucosa) waste flour on layer japanese quail (Coturnixcoturnix japonica). Animal Agricultural Journal,4(1) :121-126. (Article in Bahasa).

Zahra AA, E Suprijatna, danBSukamto. 2013. The Supplementation Effect of Sorgum and Banana PeelHydrolyzed with NaOH on Blood Lipid Profile of Broiler. Thesis. Graduate School. Faculty of Animal and Agriculture Science, Diponegoro University. Semarang.(In Indonesia and Abstract in English)

Zhang Q, N Li, X Liu, Z Zhao, Z Li, and ZXu. 2003. The structure of a sulfated galactan from Porphyraaaitanensis and its in vivo antioxidant Activity. Carbohydrate Research,339(1): 105-111.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jap.2016.18.1.534

Article Metrics

##”article.abstract”## view : 1487 times
PDF – 886 times

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Powered by OJS | Design by ThemeOJS