This experiment was conducted to examine the effect of various legume herbs supplementation on feed intake, digestibility and liveweight gain of fat-tailed lambs given Mulato (Brachiaria mulato) grass. Twenty four male fat-tailed lambs (8 months of age and 12.73± 0.56 kg (SE) of initial liveweight) were randomly allotted to four treatment groups based on unfasted liveweight. Animals were housed in individual metabolism crates. The experiment was designed in a completely randomized block design, with four treatments and six replicates. The dietary treatment tested included Mulato grass ad libitum (M), M + Centrosema pascuorum (MCP), M + Dolichos lab lab (MDL) and M+ Clitoria ternatea (MCT). All supplement was offered at 1.5% body weight (W) per day. The experiment lasted for 10 weeks, with 2 and 8 weeks for adaptation and measurement period, respectively. The main parameter measured included feed intake, feed digestibility, and average daily liveweight gain (ADG). Results showed that total DM intakes (DMI) were not affected (P>0.05) by legume herbs supplementation. Total DMI was 2.75, 2.79, 2.84 and 2.87 %W/d for lamb treated with M MCP, MDL and MCT respectively. In contrast, supplementation with various legume herbs significantly increased (P <0.05) DM digestibility (DMD) and ADG of lamb received Mulato grass, with no significant difference (P>0.05) between legume herbs. Feed DMD was 58.17, 67.48, 64.91; 65.03% and ADG were 35.67; 58.39; 54.31 and 54.41 g/day, for lamb treated with M, MCP, MDL and MCT respectively. It was concluded that supplementation of legume herbs to fat-tailed lamb fed Mulato grass significantly increased DMD and ADG, but no significant differences across the legume herbs as feed supplements were observed.
Allen, MS. 2014. Drives and limits to feed intake in ruminants. Animal Production Science. 54:1513–1524. doi:10.1071/AN14478
AOAC. 1990. Official Method of Analysis. The Association of Official Analytical Chemist. 15 ed., Arlington, Virginia. pp 69 – 90
Boloyi, JJ., H Hamudikuwanda, NT Ngongoni and S Katsande. 2014. Microbial protein yield in sheep fed forage legume hays as supplements to Veld hay. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 14:583-591. DOI:10.5958/0974-181X.2014.01360.2
Boval, M, O Coppry and D. Sauvant. 2014. Mechanistic model of intake of tropical pasture, depending on the growth and morphology of forage at a vegetative stage. Animal Production Science 54:2097–2104. doi:10.1071/AN14542
Brown, DJ, DB Savage, GN Hinch and S Hatcher. 2015. Monitoring liveweight in sheep is a valuable management strategy: a review of available technologies. Animal Production Science, 55:427-436, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AN13274
GENSTAT. 2008. GENSTAT for Windows. Release 11.1.’ 11th edn. .VSN International Ltd: Oxford, UK.
Goering, HK., and PJ Van Soest. 1970. Forage Fibre Analysis:Apparatus, Reagents, Procedures and Some Applications. Washington: Agricultural Research Service
Golding KP, ED Wilson, PD Kemp, SJ Pain, PR Kenyon, ST Morris, PG Hutton .2011. Mixed herb and legume pasture improves the growth of lambs postweaning. Animal Production Science 51: 717-723. DOI:10.1071/AN11027
Hadgu, GZ.2016. Feed intake and its regulation mechanisms in ruminants A Review. International Journal of Livestock Research, 6:19-40. DOI:10.5455/ijlr.20.160328085909
Kemp, PD, PR Kanyon, ST Morris. 2010. The use of legume and herb forage species to create high performance pastures for sheep and cattle grazing system. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 39:169-174. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982010001300019
Livestock and Animal Health Statistic (LAHS). 2019. The Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta
Marhaeniyanto, E dan S Susanti. 2011. Strategi suplementasi leguminosa untuk meningkatkan penampilan domba. Buana Sains, 11:7-16.
Marsetyo, Damry, SP Quigley, SR McLennan and DP Poppi,. 2012. Live weight gain and feed intake of early weaned Bali cattle fed a range of diets in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Animal Production Science, 52:167-172. http://doi.org/10.org/10.1071/AN11285
Marsetyo, Damry and Mustaring, 2016. The effect of supplementation of Gliricidia or rice bran on feed intake, digestibility and liveweight gain of Kacang goat fed Mulato grass. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A 6 : 54-58. DOI: 10.17265/2161-6256/2016.01.005
Marsetyo, Damry, Rusdi, S Yohan, and SH Syukur. 2017. The effect of supplementation of different legume leaves on feed intake, digestion and growth of Kacang goats given Mulato grass. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A 7 : 117-122. doi: 10.17265/2161-6256/2017.02.006
Mekuriaw, Y and B Asmare. 2018. Nutrient intake, digestibility and growth performance of Washera lambs fed natural pasture hay supplemented with graded levels of Ficus thonningii (Chibha) leaves as replacement for concentrate mixture. Agriculture and Food Security, 7:1-8, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40066-018-0182-4
Mustaring, I Subagyo, Soebarinoto and Marsetyo. 2014. Growth, yield and nutritive value of new introduced Brachiaria species and legume herbs as ruminant feed In Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 27:89-98. (www.pjar.org.pk/Issues/Vol27_2014No_2 )
Obidat, BS, HS Subih and M Ata. 2019. Protein supplementation improves performance of lambs fed low quality forage. Animals 2020, 10:1-7. doi: 10.3390/ani10010051.
Phelan, P. AP Moloney, EJ McGeough, J Humphreys, J Bertilsson, EG O’Riordan and P O’Kiely. 2015. Forage legumes for grazing and conserving in ruminant production systems. Critical Reviews in Plant Science, 34:281-326. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689.2014.898455
Poppi DP, M Gill and J. France. 1994. Integration of Theories of Intake Regulation in Growing Ruminants. Journal of Theoretical Biology 167: 129-45. https://doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1994.1058
Primefact, 2014. Water requirements for sheep and cattle. Department of Primary Industries. Australia.
Steel, RGD. and JH Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach, 2nd ed.. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
Tedeschi, LO, G Molle, HM Menendez, A Cannas, MA Fonseca. 2019. The assessment of supplementation requirements of grazing ruminants using nutrition models. Translational Animal Science, 3:811-828. doi: 10.1093/tas/txy140
Udo, HMJ, IGS Budisatria. 2011. Fat-tailed sheep in Indonesia, an essential resource for smallholders. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 43:1411-1418. DOI 10.1007/s11250-011-9872-7
Article Metrics##”article.abstract”## view : 754 times
PDF – 198 times
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.