The Utilization of Agricultural and Food Industry Wastes as Feed of Grower Pigs in Manokwari Regency West Papua

Trisiwi Wahyu Widayati, Bernaddeta Wahyuni Irianti Rahayu, Dwi Djoko Rahardjo, Budi Santoso

Abstract


The aim of this study was to find out the potential of agricultural and food industry wastes as the constituents of pig feed to improve pigs’ performance and to reduce the feeding cost. This study was conducted at Manokwari Regency, West Papua Province. The agricultural and food industry wastes were collected from two traditional market, and four small-scale food industries. All materials used as feed were proximately analyzed to determine their nutritional values. Average daily gain, feed consumption and feed coversion ratio were taken to determine the pigs performance. Feed cost using local market prices was estimated in knowing the ability of agricultural and food industry wastes to substitutes commercial feed. The result of this research indicates that the use of agricultural and food industries wastes as an alternative components of pigs’ feed to substitute the commercial feed do not reduce the pigs’ performance and production. Among three feeds that use of agricultural and food industry wastes, feed with the combination of 75% waste and 25% commercial feed had the best feed conversion ratio, namely 2.36. On the other hand, a mixture of 25% wastes and 75% commercial feed was the most economic one, and able to reduce the feeding cost of grower pig up to 48.00%.

Key words: agricultural waste,  food industry wastes, grower period, pig, feed




Keywords


agricultural waste; food industry wastes; grower period; pig; feed

Full Text:

PDF

References


Carter NA, CE Dewey, D Grace, C Wel, B Lukuyu, E Smith and CFM de Lange. 2017. Average daily gain and the impact of starting body weight of individual nursery and finisher Ugandan pigs fed a commercial diet, a forage-based diet, or a silage-based diet. Journal of Swine Health Production 25:121-128.

Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health. 2017. Livestock and Animal Health. Statistics. Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health. Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia.

Faculty of Animal Science, Fishery and Marine Science. 2014. Study the Potency of Local Feed for Development Pig Farm in Manokwari Regency. Research Report. Faculty of Animal Science, Fishery and Marine Science, State University of Papua.

Figueroa J, D Frías, D Solà-Oriol, T Tadich, R Franco-Rosselló, V Nuñez and DM Dwyer. 2019. Palatability in pigs, the pleasure of consumption. Journal of Animal Science 97:2165-2174.

Gaspersz, V. 1991. Metode Perancangan Percobaan untuk Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian, Ilmu-Ilmu Teknik dan Biologi. CV. Armico. Bandung. 472 pp.

Grumm MC, SL Colgan and KJ Bruns. 2008. Effect of out-of-feed events and diet particle size on pig performance and welfare. Journal of Swine Health Production (2):72-80.

Gustavsson J, C Cederberg, U Sonesson, R van Otterdijk and A Meybeck. 2011. Global food losses and food waste: extent, causes and prevention, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), Rome. p. 29.

Hancock JD and KC Behnke. 2001. Use of ingredient and diet processing technologies (grinding, mixing, pelleting and extruding) to produce quality feeds for pigs. In: Swine Nutrition. (A.J. Lewis and L.L. Southern, eds.), 2nd edition. CRC Press LLC. Boca Raton. Florida.

Katsoulis K, L Leontides and G Kontopindis. 2016. Locally produced agricultural by-product as feed sources for pigs. Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine 4:1-5.

Kueain YA, IK Suamba and PU Wijayanti. 2017. Business financial analysis on piggery (A case study of piggery of UD Karang at Jagapati village, Sub-District of Abiansemal, Badung). Jurnal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata 6:96-104.

Le Bellego L, J van Milgen, S Dubois and J Noblet. 2001. Energy utilization of low-protein diets in growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 79:1259-1271.

Liu, G. 2013. Food Losses and Food Waste in China: a First Estimate. OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, p. 30.

National Research Council (NRC). 2012. Nutrient Requirements of Swine: Eleventh Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Paritosh K, SK Kushwaha, M Yadav, N Pareek, A Chawade and V Vivekanand. 2017. Food Waste to Energy: An Overview of Sustainable Approaches for Food Waste Management and Nutrient Recycling. BioMed Research International 2:1-19.

Patience JF, MC Rossoni-Serão and NA Gutiérrez. 2015. A review of feed efficiency in swine: biology and application. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 6:33-43.

Perondi D, M Kipper, I Andretta, L Hauschild, R Lunedo, CS Franceschina and A Remus. 2018. Empirical models to predict feed intake of growing-finishing pigs reared under high environmental temperatures. Science Agriculture 75 (4):296-303.

Pierozan CR, PS Agostini, J Gasa, AK Novais, CP Dias, RSK Santos, M Pereira Jr, JG Nagi, JB Alves and CA Silva. 2016. Factors affecting the daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio of pigs in grow-finishing units: the case of a company. Porcine Health Management 2: 1-8.

Stenmarck A, C Jensen, T Quested and G Moates. 2016. Estimates of European Food Waste Levels. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.

Thi NBD, G Kumar and C-Y Lin. 2015. An overview of food waste management in developing countries: current status and future perpective. Journal of Environmental Management 157: 220-229.

Venkat K. 2011. The climate change and economic impact of food waste in The United States. International Journal on Food System Dynamics 2: 431-446.

Warouw ZM, VVJ Panelewen and ADP Mirah. 2014. Pig farm analysis of Kasewean company at Kakaskasen II of Tomohon Municipality. Jurnal Zootek 34:92-102.

Wea R. 2017. Production performance of pigs’ which consume market’s organic wastes. Partner Journal 20:127-135.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Powered by OJS | Design by ThemeOJS