Indonesia is a country that has a lot of limestone mountains, covering 15.4 million hectares. Limestone mountains have strategic functions as limestone is used as building materials and as raw material in cement industry. Therefore, limestone mining quarry in various areas of limestone mountains in Indonesia is increasingly widespread. The biggest negative impact of limestone mining is the formed open land which is abandoned and unutilized. Changes in the ecosystem will lead to the reduced levels of diversity and productivity of indigenous forage which will ultimately reduce the performance and development of ruminants livestock kept by farmers in the mountainous region of limestone. This study aims to determine the diversity and productivity of indigenous forage on former limestone mining quarry in limestone mountains of southern Gombong. The research was conducted through survey by identifying and measuring the forage production of sample plots assigned purposively. Location of the study was divided into three categories, mild, moderate and heavy mining. Results showed that soil fertility levels in open fields of former limestone mining in southern Gombong mountains are low with total N content of 0.049 - 0.141%, total P2O5 of 0.067 - 0.133% and total K2O of 0.086 - 0.100%. The diversity of indigenous forage on mild mining was more diverse than that of moderate and heavy mining, i.e. 13 species comprising 7 grass species, 2 legumes species, and 4 species of shrubs. The most dominant species in all mining categories are Cynodon dactylon, Imperata cylindrica, Ageratum conyzoides and Mikania micrantha. The results also showed that in the open land of mild mining had the highest production of fresh and dry matter compared to that of moderate and severe mining
Andueza D, A M Rodrigues, F Picard, N Rossignol, R Baumont, U Cecato and A Farruggia. 2016. Relationships between botanical composition, yield and forage quality of permanent grasslands over the first growth cycle. Grass and Forage Sci. 71 : 366–378.
Ates S, D Feindel, A El Moneim and J. Ryan. 2014. Annual forage legumes in dryland agricultural systems of the West Asia and North Africa Regions : research achievements and future perspective. Grass and Forage Sci. 69: 17 – 31.
Bojkovski D, I Stuhec, D Kompan and M Zupan. 2014. The behavior of sheep and goats co-grazing an pastura with different types of vegetation in the karst region. J. Anim Sci. 92:2752 -2758.
Damry. 2009. Production and nutriens composition of forage produced from a natural grassland in Lore Utara. J. Agroland. 16 : 296 – 300.
Dismawan I W H, I K Ginantra and N L Suriani. 2014. Selection of plant feed and nutrient content of edible plants of Bali cattle (Bos sondaicus) weaning in the south hill Badung, Badung Regency, Bali. J. Simbiosis. II:192-202
Duru M, L Hossard, G Martin and J P Theau. 2013. A methodology for characterization and analysis of plant functional composition in grassland-based farms. Grass and Forage Sci. 68 :216 - 227.
Evitayani, L Warly, A Fariani, T Ichinohe and T Fujihara. 2004a. Seasonal changes in nutritive value of some grass species in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Asian-Aust.J.Anim.Sci. 17:1663-1668.
Evitayani, L Warly, A Fariani, T Ichinohe and T Fujihara. 2004b. Study on nutritive value of tropical forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Asian-Aust.J.Anim.Sci. 17:1518-1523.
Gusmeroli F, G D Marianna, F Fava, A Monteiro, S Bocchi and G Parolo. 2013. Effect of ecological, landscape and management factors on plant species composition, biodiversity and forage value ain Alpine meadows. Grass and Forage Sci. 68: 437-447.
Hamidun M S, D Wahyudi, K Baderan, I Saragih and N K Taro, 2009. Potential of Different three pastures in Manokwari Regency. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan 4 : 53-60 (In Indonesia).
Hrevušová Z, M Hejcman, J Hakl and J Mrkvička. 2015. Soil chemical properties, plant species composition, herbage quality, production and nutrient uptake of an alluvial meadow after 45 years of N, P and K application. Grass and Forage Sci. 70:205–218.
Onesimus Y, A Supriyantono, T Widayanti and I Sumpe. 2015. Botanical composition and distribution of forage of natural pasture in West Papua. Pastura. 4 : 62 – 65. (In Indonesia).
Priyanti, F Wijayanti and M Rizki. 2011. Diversity and potential of flora in Karst Mountain of Gombong, Central Java. Berkala Penelit. Hayati Edisi Khusus. 5A :79-81. (In Indonesia).
Russell J R and J J Bisinger. 2015. Forages and Pastures Symposium : Improving soil health and productivity on grasslands using managed grazing of livestock. J. Anim Sci.93 : 2626 – 2640.
Villalba J J, R Cabassu and S A Gunter. 2014. Forage choice in pasturelands: Influence on cattle foraging behavior and performance. J. Anim Sci. 93:1729-1740.
Washburn S P. 2014. Forages and Pastures Symposium: Forage systems adaptable to dry conditions. J. Anim Sci. 92: 2809-2810.
Widodo P and N Wibowo. 2013. Monitoring of Low Plants in Limestone Mining in Sawangan Village, Ajibarang District, Banyumas Regency. The Faculty of Biology, Jenderal Soedirman University. Purwokerto. (In Indonesia).
Article Metrics##”article.abstract”## view : 1037 times
PDF – 675 times
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.